Thank you for such a magnificently well-crafted articulation of truths that form the ground of being for many parentified children. In particular the religious parents can hide behind the dictum of 'respecting one's parents/elders' as part of their arsenal of manipulation tools.

The children of immigrant parents can also become parentified.

In the sturggle to survive within the new environment, immigrant parents who often don't speak the language, within the settler-colonial setup, that exploits people of colour, leverages the children's natural loyalty to become the major caretakers for the whole family. And very soon, expectations morph into demands taht the adult child is alwyas there as a resource for the parents.